"After these two major incidents in the week of 22nd Jan 2045, the protest against AI outside tech companies grew louder.


Although banning AI wasn’t a feasible option, certain types of AI were obligated to enter a halfway house to be certified for future human-AI interactions - the world’s first AI prison.


Surprisingly, a few sample AI showed signs of improvement within a few days in prison and began to develop a sense of decision making that correlates to humans. A building project was entered into to allow a larger group of AI to enter the half-way house, and provide them with a willing set of human subjects to learn from. Multiple regulated environments were tested and vetted before an ideal balance of human agency and captivity, emotion and ennui, constancy and change was arrived at; the sterile corridor of the San Diego-Tijuana international airport. AI’s only objective was to maximize the realization of human values. It transpired that AI were uncertain about what those values were. The uncertainty was crucial. Inverted Turing tests helped monitor development as the AI assisted in the airport’s constant renovation and reconstruction to serve its new, dual purpose. The half-way house at the airport provided a concentrated but shifting view of human life."

“Hi Siri, could you please try to reschedule the meeting with the CEO so that I can make it for my daughter’s birthday lunch?”

SIRI: Sure. Don’t worry... I arranged for his plane to be delayed – some kind of computer malfunction. You’re all set.


"Really? You could do that??"


Graduate Thesis, 2019

Master of Architecture Studio ONE (Spring '19 GPA: 4.0)

UC Berkeley, CA

Advisor: Prof. Nicholas de Monchaux



Scene from Ex Machina 

Nathan: "Have you seen the art work of Jackson Pollock? Do you believe it is automatic art?
It is not random, it is not deliberate but some place in between. He did not engage with intellect. He used his own instincts.
Now imagine, what if Pollock reversed the challenge? Instead of making art without thinking, he said “I can’t paint anything unless I know why exactly I’m doing it, "
Caleb: "Then he wouldn’t have made a single mark."
Nathan: "Correct. What AI wants to achieve by observing human behavior, is to find an action that is not automatic."  

Turing test defn. it is when a human interacts with a computer; and if the human doesn’t know it is interacting with a computer, the test is passed.


fire alarm at the airport


Conversation - April 2019

Newton Room, Berkeley, CA:

Stuart Russel: "If you give an objective to a machine, you’re giving it a reason to stay alive. If a machine is asked to make a cup of coffee, it will know that it can’t do that if it’s switched off – the exact plot to 2001: A Space Odyssey.

How will the AI reframe the problem it is given knowing it is in a prison/ airport? Establish rules and redefine the parameters of the test - in order to be released, can it ever prove it that it's sense of decision making correlates to the human sense of decision making...


Let's be optimistic about the future of AI."


Jan 2019: *spam call* *CHATBOT* "Hello, are you in need of urgent prayers? Our team can pray for you at $15/prayer"

And then I hung up, looked at my phone and tried this:
"Hey Siri, could you pray for me?"



2018: A 2-year old child tried to swipe right on the glass cage of a zoo in an attempt to change the animal

*growing up with an I-pad*


view 03.jpg

airport: a city of sleep and not a city of rest



airport: a space of constant becoming;

a facility to study and be studied

Nathan: "Have you heard of the Mary in the Black & White room theory? Mary was a scientist that specialized in colour – the wavelengths, the neurological effects and everything else. Mary's Room is a thought experiment that attempts to establish that there are non-
physical properties and attainable knowledge that can be discovered only through conscious experience. In this experiment, Mary was trapped in a black and white house with even a B&W monitor, tv until one fine day it saw colour outside for the first time. Now that she studied extensively about colour throughout her life without experiencing it, did she learn anything new when she went outside her room? She said yes. This experiment was to show the difference between the computer and human mind. The computer is the B&W room and the human mind is when it walks out."



Samantha: "You won't understand, you're un-artificial intelligence"

Her, 2013